Standard Platform League

Standard Platform League (SPL)

In the Standard Platform League, soccer is played with a standardized robot platform, i.e. all teams use the same hardware and only differ in the software they develop. For the ninth time at the RoboCup German Open, the humanoid robot NAO, manufactured by the company SoftBank Robotics, is used as standard platform.

NAO is equipped with up to 25 actuated joints. In its head, two cameras are integrated for perceiving the environment. In its chest, sonar sensors measure distances and gyroscopes and accelerometers allow determining the torso’s pose. In the feet there are sensors to measure ground contact and the contact with the ball. Teams of five robots play against each other on a 9 x 6 m² sized field. The robots are completely autonomous. However, through Wi-Fi, they can communicate with each other and receive the decisions of the referee.

The rules get continuously closer to the ones of human soccer. This year, two further sets plays are introduced, namely the free kick and the goalie kick, which makes the team play more challenging. At the same time, the usable Wi-Fi bandwidth for the communication between the robots is reduced by nearly two thirds, which requires team agreements to be much more concise. Fouls are penalized more severely, because the duration of time penalties is significantly increased with each new one.

B-Human, Universität Bremen und Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz (Germany)
Bembelbots, Goethe Universität Frankfurt (Germany)
Berlin United - Nao Team Humboldt, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Germany)
HULKs, Technische Universität Hamburg (Germany)
Nao Devils, TU Dortmund (Germany)
Nao-Team HTWK, HTWK Leipzig (Germany)
NomadZ, ETH Zürich (Switzerland)


see the game schedule

Final Results

Final results of this league

League Chair

Dr. Thomas Röfer (DFKI Bremen)


Actual SPL Rules